Thursday, September 3, 2020

Role of Global Mncs in Governance

Question: Talk about theRole of Global MNCs in Governance. Answer: Presentation: In the time of globalization, the spread of tasks of worldwide companies has become phenomenal which has prompted humongous riches age. Such is the limit of riches age of these enterprises that they overshadow the absolute GDP of a large group of countries including some greater countries. It is evaluated that the MNCs create a deals in overabundance of USD 28 trillion every year and give direct work to more than 70 million individuals all around. Because of this enormous spread and riches creation, there emerges the requirement for them to ensure their business advantages which requires roundabout obstruction in administration through plot with lawmakers and other compelling partners (Cutler, 2003). It is basic that the manufacturing of inferred associations with MNCs serves the administration well particularly in immature and creating countries. This is on the grounds that the greater part of these countries are presented with rich mineral assets and other factor enrichments however come up short on the imperative capital, innovation and the executives to misuse these assets. Thus, the national governments leave the line to furnish these MNCs with an empowering domain in order to boost them for setting shop. Be that as it may, simultaneously, the administration winds up surrendering its self-sufficiency by giving up to the benefit making goals of these organizations. In the appearance of bringing advancement, these MNCs request charge credits and certifications from the administration with respect to security from nationalization (Detomasi, 2015). There are visit intercessions in the arrangement circle which are custom fitted according to these necessities particularly concerni ng work guideline. Simultaneously, there are unfriendly ramifications for the local ventures, work and furthermore the nearby condition. Subsequently, while these nations expect that they are picking up, there are really not increasing much as the drawn out impacts negative impacts are basically covered up (Cutler, 2003). In the created world, the job of government has subsided since the time Thatcherism has picked up commonness and privatization has increased a strong hold. This outcomes in even basic administrations being privatized for the sake of effectiveness. In any case, in specific cases, a syndication is made which in intrigue with government officials is misused because of which the buyers need to pay utility charges that are preposterously high. An a valid example is that of Enron which has built up a virtual restraining infrastructure on vitality exchanging business the US and consequently could control the power costs by utilizing political contacts (Gourevitch Shinn, 2005). From the abovementioned, it might appear that MNC will in general maltreatment their capacity so as to serve their inclinations. Through the guide of CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) gauges, these MNC can possibly go about as change operators particularly for the helpless countries (Detomasi, 2015). Notwithstanding, there is no preventing that on account from claiming their monetary force, MNC would keep on going about as huge players in the administration. The essential methodology is to guarantee that responsibility of use of this force is upgraded through worldwide measures by including buyer mindfulness. Additionally, the state guideline system should be reinforced in order to restore satisfactory governing rules to forestall maltreatment of intensity (Abbott Snidal, 2009). References Abbott, KW Snidal, D 2009, Strengthening worldwide guideline through transnational new administration, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law,vol. 42, no.2, pp. 501578 Cutler, C 2003, Private force and worldwide position: Transnational trader law in the worldwide political economy, fourth ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Detomasi, D 2015, The Multinational Corporation as a Political Actor: Varieties of Capitalism Revisited, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 128, No.3, pp.685-700 Gourevitch, PA Shinn, J 2005, Political force corporate control: The new worldwide legislative issues of corporate administration. third ed., Princeton University Press, Princeton

Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Event Management Of Rio Carnival Festival Tourism Essay Essay Example

Occasion Management Of Rio Carnival Festival Tourism Essay Paper Presentation: The occasion chose so as to complete this bit of work is the Rio Carnival. This is one of the commended celebrations and it is held before Lent and it is known as one of the greatest celebration where the member people is in excess of 2,000,000 in Numberss every twenty-four hours. The celebration is one of the most seasoned 1 each piece great. Before making a trip in to farther thing of the occasion and covering the subject as of various required edges the examination specialist will give a short history about occasion course and the progresss which has taken topographic point with the change of clasp and introduction of most recent engineerings. ( Getz, 2007 ) Life is full occasions that are non simply fascinating yet loaded with alluring powers and adventure for the masses. There has been a clump said and examined and to a great extent one may happen finishs under tremendous power per unit region as they are non sure how to cover by offices of these occasions and rescue them as of going a touristic stock. In the days gone by, significant occasions have been survivor of various undesirable activities which has non simply ruined the picture of the completion yet in add-on the VIP of the occasion has been influenced by and large. In the current universe where building through media has secured all the entertainment features for open and open can lounge the occasion as of the parturiency of their place just by sitting in forepart of their broadcasting sets, still the existent satisfaction is for unrecorded diversion as open need to partake and be segment of the vivid condition which can non be caught or experienced through broadcasting no iss ue how great they are caught. We will compose a custom exposition test on Event Management Of Rio Carnival Festival Tourism Essay explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom article test on Event Management Of Rio Carnival Festival Tourism Essay explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom paper test on Event Management Of Rio Carnival Festival Tourism Essay explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer A prevalent quotable Event Management strategy offers an association with the fitness to feel Events, recognize them, thus take on a fit control unsettling influence or activity to evade an incident and additionally administration break. Reasonable exercises or practices can comprise of an activity to relinquish an occasion or to follow an occasion. Efficient help processs base on the ideal treatment of the few exercises basic to evade encounters and administration blackouts. ( Reisinger, 2009 ) As Event Management offers the ability to feel occurrences before cut, an affiliation can arrange building to drag out an Event Management procedure to trip an occasion after it has been consequently seen and be naturally allotted to the fit resolver plot for activity before any unequivocal assistance break or blackout occurs. Utilizing building to draw out an Event Management process makes it likely for a couple of exercises to be seen by opportunity which can help wipe out the interest for beyond all doubt won and flexibly focused existent clasp checking , though at the comparative clasp, dropping detachment or down clasp. Inside Event Management there are some adjusted sorts of occasions to oversee which include: Typical Operation Events: These sorts of occasions can comprise a programmed announcement that an arranged outstanding task at hand occupation has finished as normal or a purchaser has signed into a contraption that they had the correct purpose of permission to, or an electronic mail has accomplished an anticipated getting framework. Standard methodology occasions are critical to identify since they may represent a penetrate of strategy or non perception to a turn of events. ( Richards et al. , 2010 ) Exemption Events: These sorts of occasions may comprise client endeavors to dish an application with a wrong watchword too much commonly or, a gadget s CPU is over an adequate use rate or a Personal PC check uncovers the introducing of inappropriate bundle. ( Reisinger, 2009 ) Strange Events: These sorts of occasions regularly speak to something startling and require quick notification, for example, server memory use inside 5 % of the most elevated anticipated open introduction degree, or the choice clasp of a managing 10 % longer than typical. The cardinal point with any of these occasion sorts is that moment activity ought to occur so as to either raise an occurrence record or an excuse and log of the occasion for farther checking and slanting. The Benefits of Event Management: By formally utilizing these cardinal exercises of an Event Management class, associations can expand strong efficiencies by going increasingly down to earth at pull offing tasks that cognizance mix-ups and administration blackouts. In today s multifaceted IT situations, the evaluation of informations being created on an everyday balance can be resistless in addition to unmanageable without controlled and quotable systems and the designing to back up those methods. A great many exchange s exchanges that depend on IT prop up are directed each twenty-four hours. Without a tolerant of basic concern methodology, pull offing occasions ends up being a useless best guess endeavor. ( Getz, 2007 ) A lineation of what the celebration/occasion is: The jubilee held one time a twelvemonth in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil is the for the most segment notable gathering known to man, turning year-on-year and pulling 100s of 1000s of remote each piece great as national tourers. In the hebdomad about celebration 80 % of the yearly ingestion of brew is inebriated in addition to 70 % of the yearly tourer overall gains are created, without a doubt demoing the centrality of the occasion economically? To Brazilians celebration and moving are each piece significant as football, which is really expressing something! A The underlying foundations of celebration: The name festival comes as of the Latin word carnelevare planning abstention as of the taking care of meat and residential fowl. Jamboree hebdomad is held to hold by offices of the beginning of the Roman Catholic time of Lent, 40 yearss before Easter. Loaned is ordinarily a time of abstention, petition and self-assessment for Christians and speaks to the 40 yearss that the Bible reveals to us Jesus spent in the desert challenging the allurements of Satan. As the day of the months for Easter change every twelvemonth so do those for the main festival end of the week. There are a few processions and gatherings by in addition to following the boss named occasions in the Sambodromo, some of which are free in addition to held in the road in arranged regions about the city or as example ends of the week in the cardinal site itself. ( Dunne L et al. , 2002 ) Fair as a festival of music, moving, rowdiness each piece great as boundaries in addition to day of the months back to the antiquated Roman jubilee of Saturnalia which was acquainted in 217 BC with raise the confirmation of fight fatigued Romans following defeats by the Carthaginians. It was traditionally a hebdomad of taking care of, guzzling each piece great as the disparage turnaround of the shared request, slaves being given a few farther autonomies for case Several Roman Emperors, for example, Augustus and Caligula attempted to abbreviate the festivals to 3 yearss however were met by offices of such disarray in addition to had to go the inhabitants to their cultural gathering. ( Getz, 2007 ) Rio Carnival today: Despite the fact that Rio Carnival may non be the solitary party in Brazil, is as yet costly notable. Similarly far as the members are thought of, greatest fair in footings of part is held in Recife in the North where in 2006 1.5 million individuals took divide. The Rio occasion has grown more than once since its incident, harking back to the seventeenth Century besides every twelvemonth it develops in size and more nation and obeche schools end up being stirred up in the spectacle.A Blocos ( Blocks ) are minor or in the middle of measured overlay of instrumentalists and terpsichoreans drawn as of regions who march with a questioning subject, trademark and point. They could be dressed in fiting T shirts or in abundance exorbitant outfit and there are presently more than 100 Blocos, army of whom do non even travel away as of their road or region while uncovering. Many neighborhood individuals assemble and escort them in their troublesome work. ( Richards et al. , 2010 ) Over significantly financed obeche schools are huge gatherings of performing craftsmen which take part in march rivalries in an exceptionally manufactured Sambodromo. These schools parade hung on the 4 significant darks of the festival, alongside the rubric march individual hung on the Saturday dim. The official obstruction can be estranged into 10 classs and a victor picked starting at every dissemination subsequent to being reexamined on every one of the devotees ; beating set, Samba vocal, Harmony, Flow and soul, subject of the twelvemonth, Overall inclination, Floats and props, Costumes, Vanguard gathering and Flag transporter. There are 4 Judgess in each gathering and these individuals sit in corners along the procession way in the Sambodromo. Extraordinary standing is granted to the victors and the opposition is taken actually fundamentally with solid wholes of endeavors, practicing and cash contributed. ( Reisinger, 2009 ) Passage tickets for the Sambodromo marches are granted and as such are beyond a reasonable doubt won even in the ease cheap seat seats which cost approximately hundred dollars. Topographic focuses in the VIP boxes hurry to 1000s of dollars as they offer the observer substantially more straightforwardness and handiness of establishments, detached cantina, 3 class supper and so forth for what is a protracted of sing. Tickets and a few lodgings frequently sell out month s in progress so on the off chance that you need to travel ensure a more drawn out way in progress. The partners: Keeping in head the idea of the occasion it ends up being evident that the partners are in a general sense the tourers and nearby crowds that come starting at everyplace to luxuriate this occasion, its colorin

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Canadas Soldiers essays

Canada's Soldiers articles In spite of Canada's conspicuous detriment given it's sizen just as the adolescent and inability of it's officers, Canada was naturally gone into worldwide clash close by the British in 1914. The given conditions lead to more than 60,000 passings all through the course world war one. Youthful Canadians were romanticized by the great and courageous picture of war painted by the British and Canadian Governments through war propaghanda. English Soldiers were viewed as more importnant the War exertion than the lives of Canadians and because of this youthful unpracticed Canadians skewered headed most significant British activities and were relinquished to secure British officers saved for later in the fights. After the extraordinary war had delayed for over two years, Britain sought her Empire for troops for the war zone. Most nations like Canada had sent volunteers, anyway the interest for fighters far exceeded the deliberate sums. The Canadian parliament discussed receiving enrollment, and the star Empire slant in English Canada was solid and on the side of induction. Anyway there was a solid development in Quebec against induction given the Contribution Quebec had all prepared given to WW1. ... <!

Recommendations to Grow Joes Landscaping And Equipment Rental Business

Joe's Landscaping and Equipment Rental Business Presentation At 50 specialists, Joe's organization is fruitful enough to keep him occupied six days out of each week. Joe is by all accounts very involved, and his day by day arranging and tree-cutting endeavors, just as his leasing of finishing gear, keeps him very occupied. Joe's organization seems, by all accounts, to be at a point where his association is as extensive as it can get and still be operable with his own arrangement of hands. The vision that is required must be controlled by Joe, himself. Does he need the organization to stay little and for him to remain by and by associated with the every day tree-cutting and finishing activities? Does he need to keep dealing with the leasing of his own gear? Or then again would he say he will give up those obligations to others to center his endeavors somewhere else? Vision For this conversation, this paper expect that he needs to develop his organization. Given that suspicion, the main suggestion is that he enlist full-time field chiefs to deal with the field work, which will permit him an opportunity to concentrate on overseeing, deals, expense assortment, and other managerial undertakings, which he so urgently needs. Quickly, Joe's organization faces two major issues, notwithstanding, before it can develop. Joe's first concern is representative turnover because of the regularity of the work. It very well may be expected that business is delayed in the winter months on account of the climate and furthermore as a result of the Christmas shopping season. There is likely very little business to be had and even less requirement for representatives on the finance. It isn't astonishing that workers are regularly compelled to stop, totally or incidentally, so as to discover salary somewhere else. Fortunately with a consistent inundation of new workers, his staff is being paid low compensation rates... ... A. (2005). So you need to get paid on schedule? Here's the manner by which to get it going. Recovered November 5, 2006, from Ground Trades XChange (2006). Discussions. Recovered November 5, 2006, from Horicultural Business Information Network (n.d.). Scene organizations. Recovered November 5, 2006, from My Financial Foundation (2006). Finding the correct legal advisor. Recovered November 5, 2006, from Pat's Peak (n.d.). Hardware Rental and Liability Release Agreement. Recovered November 5, 2006, from'liability%20equipment%20rental'

Friday, August 21, 2020

Music Concert Argumentative Essay Example For Students

Music Concert Argumentative Essay Instructor Appreciation Concert on Mississippi State University grounds, situated at Mucosa Hall, at 7:30 pm I strolled into something I had no clue about and not recognizing what's in store by any stretch of the imagination. The exhibition was known as The Wind Ensemble. As we strolled into the structure there were performers all over the place, from the start I thought I was stripped until I understood that the long dark dresses were Just regalia. We at last made it to our seats at the highest point of Mucosa Hall. Mrs.. Alva Okay Lance was then acquainted and entered the phase with start the show. She was engaging for myself, since she was so serious and remorseful with her movements. The principal tune started with a coda dependent on a melodic minor key; Jack Stamp called the tune Savoring Fanfare. As the artists played out the tune it sounded Just like what I figured traditional music would seem like. Subside Graham called the following melody performed Harridans Dream. It had numerous features and mind-set changes. Be that as it may, the emotional song caused me to feel on edge and apprehensive for a bizarre explanation. At that point, director, Cliff Taylor, led Finale from Symphony No. 1 in G minor by Vastly Kaolins had an extraordinary jubilant completion. Expressed in the gift, the Finale gives a summation of the full orchestra and is seriously nationalistic in character, beginning with an expansive resonating song, it offers differentiation and shading. Anthony Minimal directed the fourth melody. Negligible trained the performers to play Hail the Dragon by Phillip Sparker. This melody began as lively exhibition by woodwinds and afterward metal instruments. I thought it was an exceptionally passionate spot, and caused me to feel restless. Insignificant additionally led the fifth melody Fantasy Variations On A Theme by Nicolai Paganism by James Barnes. Expressed in the freebee, depends on the topic by Paginating s 24th Caprice in A Minor for the LOL. The first work for violin comprises of a topic, eleven varieties and a finale. The last melodies performed were Eternal Father, Strong to spare and The Mad Major, both built by Mr.. Anthony Minimal. Claude T. Smith and Kenneth J. Alfred were the writers of these exquisite pieces. The Mad Major was Alfalfas first post-World War I walk. In any case, the present expressed that the melody Eternal Father, Strong to Save, contains not just the difficult cadenced force and consonant pressure so qualities of Smiths organizations, yet in ad dition one of the most excellent ND notable horn groups of four in current band writing. In spite of the fact that there were numerous extraordinary performed tunes Thursday night, alongside superb refreshments that followed, I dont think it was my preferred show. I music Just made me on edge, apprehensive, and befuddled. I felt like some of the time I couldnt tell who was having what influence in every melody. At a certain point, I was unable to locate the one individual who got down to business on a performance. I actually felt lost and strange at the music show. Nonetheless, I enjoyed the distinctive experience of an alternate sort of music. Music Concert By agreeability

Thursday, August 6, 2020

7 Reasons Why You Dont Want to Miss

7 Reasons Why You Dont Want to Miss As a self-described complete online magazine, has a vast collection of writing resources for writers across genres and around the globe, although its seat of operations is in Dublin, Ireland. Additionally, it offers an events calendar that is absolutely free for authors wishing to announce a literary event or book launch. That, combined with a Resources Page updated often and weekly make the site a useful bookmark for any writer looking for tips, inspiration, marketing outlets, or even the chance to Tell your own story to like-minded authors who access the site daily.The site is established and run by Vanessa Fox OLoughlin, one of Irelands leading literary scouts and former consultant and presenter for WritersWebTV, bringing free, live, online workshops to writers worldwide.In case these details alone are not temptation enough to visit and bookmark the site, here are seven reasons why if youre a writer, you dont want to miss all that has to is a website full of great blogs across several genres and topics related to the writing process and industry.#1. Kate Dempseys Poetic License blogAs one of many guest blogs published on the site, Kate Dempseys Poetic License blog has much to offer writers interested in the art of poetry. It primarily focuses on competitions and publishing opportunities open to poets across a scope of topics and highlights interesting calls for poems both in the U.K. and around the world. For example, this call for submissions for poems about scientists experience announces the opportunity for writers, who find themselves at that strange intersection of science and poetry, to submit their work to a paid anthology entitled Spectral Lines. Although the submission deadline has passed for this particular work, it highlights some of the fascinating opportunities for poets that the blog offers. If youre a poet, its incredibly helpful to know whos looking for your poems and where to send them. If youre a poet in the Dublin area, or the U.K., this is an opportunity you certainly dont want to miss.#2. Hazel Gaynors Carry On Writing blogAs an acclaimed New York Times, USA Today and internationally bestselling author of five novels, Hazel Gaynors debut post, A Beginning and an End, is a great taste of the kind of honest approach she takes in the blog. Heres a quote from it:Im starting to think publishing deals dont really exist, that theyre just myths, the stuff of legend; about as simple to track down as the Ark of the Covenant or the golden snitch.Being an aspiring writer is no easy thing, as any aspiring writer will tell you. Its a lonely, frustrating occupation, riddled with potential for disappointment and despair but â€" and heres the thing â€" with the benefit of hindsight, Ive come to the conclusion that the rejections and close-shaves have made me more determined than ever to succeed. Of course, Id be lying if I said I hadnt thrown the occasional strop on the way to reaching this co nclusion, or curled up on the sofa in a deep rejected-author malaise, unable to speak to anyone, let alone turn on the laptop or pick up a pen, but Im pleased to have reached this conclusion all the same.Hazel Gaynor#3. Louise Phillipss Crime Scene blogIf you write crime or thriller novels, Louise Phillipss Crime Scene blog is for you. Ranging from her lists of Delicious Reads of Irish Crime Fiction books to calls for submissions for Crime novelists, this blog offers information about new books in the genre that have launched, writing conferences and courses, and tips for writers looking to sharpen their crime writing skills. She also offers writing tips and advice for the genre, which can be a great help for anyone looking to break into the industry with their own crime novel.#4. Olivia Hope and Niamh Garveys Flourish Blogs about writing for childrenWritten and curated by Olivia Hope and Niamh Garvey, Down the Rabbit Hole by Flourish and Blogs offers fascinating explorations of th e genre for anyone interested in writing and publishing childrens books. As an example article, Uncomfortable Childrens Books is an examination of the question of what topics are safe for childrens literature. In it, Garvey writes:This is a generation where mental health problems are beginning younger and younger in children. Childhood anxiety, depression and low self-esteem are on the increase. There is a tendency to panic, to think we must protect our children and teenagers from any hardship, to helicopter around them dropping cotton wool at their feet and shaded glasses on their eyes in case they see something unpleasant. They mustnt read that book, where people starve to death, where people die violently, where families are ripped apart, because it will make them sad. And yet, those same children and teenagers are allowed online alone, where more real-life danger lies than the in woods down the road at night.Niamh GarveyIn addition to their thoughtful criticism, this writing due include within their blog childrens book events, new releases, lists of must-reads, and more. As a parent and a writer, I found this blog to be an intriguing and thoughtful read, even though I dont plan to publish in the childrens book genre.#5. Tara Sparlings The Lighter Side blog offers satire and humorIn this blog about book humor, selling trends, marketing and character stereotype follies, Tara Sparlings writing lifts the spirits of her readersâ€"often by stating the obvious on a not-so-obvious path to writing a bestseller. For example, in her post, Who Are You NOT Writing For This Year?, she takes a satirical approach to the all-important writers audience and offers a handy list of all the people you are definitely NOT writing for in 2019. Included on this list are: The cool kid in your class you asked out when you were 15, your ex-spouse, your current spouse, your next spouse, and book reviewers, among others.In another post, You Think 5-Star Reviews Are So Great? Think Again , she asks:Youre certain you want to award 5 stars to this? The highest accolade of them all? This is truly one of the best books youve ever read? Its better than the last 20 books you read and the 20 you read before that?No it isnt. Stop 5-starring like its the 1980s. Give it the solid and absolutely fine 3 it deserves.Tara Sparling#6. Derek Flynns SongBook blog about writing from a musicians perspectiveAs an Irish writer and musician, Derek Flynn has much to say about the connections and inspiration he draws from music, including an ongoing series like this one with interviews of various authors asking about how music has shaped and inspired their writing.Other articles approach literature and writing through music-related concepts, such as this piece titled Literary One Hit Wonders, which discusses famous authors known only by one book. He writes:Of course, when we mention literary one hit wonders, most people will think of Harper Lee and To Kill A Mockingbird, possibly the most famous example (and well ignore the dubious release of Go Set A Watchman). But there are some otherâ€"probably equally as famousâ€"examples. There is, of course, JD Salinger, author of Catcher in the Rye, who subsequently wrote only a handful of short stories and novellasâ€"no more novelsâ€"and gave his last interview in 1980.But while Lee and Salinger chose not to write any more novels, there are others who died before getting the chance to write more, leaving us wondering what might have been.Derek FlynnFlynn also writes of local publishing opportunities or jobs available in the industry, as well as competitions and anthologies seeking submissions.#7. Resources for writersFinally, and as mentioned earlier, the websites section for Resources for writers is packed with valuable information and links to sources writers can use throughout the drafting, editing, publishing and marketing phases of their writing journey.The Resources tab of the site offers links to sources writers can us e throughout the entire process of writing, from first draft to marketing the published work.In the Resources submenu, there are links to the following directories or sources, with additional submenus within each:Services for writersEssential guidesGetting publishedBetter fiction guidesBetter nonfiction guidesWrite for stage and screenBetter poetry guidesDeveloping your craftNational Emerging Writers Program (NEWP)Final takeawayWhile many of the literary events, book signings, and course offerings showcased in are for the Dublin, Ireland and Greater U.K. area, there are parts of the site and blogs that provide great sources for writers around the globe. The section I found most helpful as a writer is the Writing Competitions under the Magazine menu. It was chock full of calls for submission, competitions, anthology notices, and publishing opportunities for writers of all genres, and included important information such as deadlines, how to submit your manuscript, and links to the main website for each entity seeking writers or submissions. Ill be using it in the coming months to seek out publishing opportunities and I hope youll be equally as excited about the excellent opportunities that are available.

Monday, June 22, 2020

Its That Time of Year Again - the 40-day College Savings Challenge

Last year, we challenged our readers to a 40-Day College Savings Challenge during the fasting season of Lent. No matter what your religion, the 40 days leading up to the Easter holiday can be the perfect time to evaluate your spending habits and try to find room in your budget for college savings. This challenge can be the motivation you need to get started, or a great way to boost your current savings. If you fell short on your New Yearï ¿ ½s resolution to start saving for college, it can also be a way to redeem yourself! If youï ¿ ½re not sure how much you need to save, try the College Savings Planner. Even if you have a general idea about how much tuition costs, do you know how much of that cost is typically covered by grants and scholarships versus what is paid out of pocket? If youï ¿ ½re planning to save with a 529 plan, do you know if your state offers a tax deduction on contributions and how much itï ¿ ½s really worth? The College Savings Planner will help answer questions like these and also provide details on specific 529 plans that can suit your needs. Here are the steps to get started with the challenge. Be sure to keep us posted on how itï ¿ ½s going! During the next 40 days, be sure to keep track of every dollar you save Open a 529 college savings plan Use the total amount of money saved as your initial deposit Determine a realistic monthly contribution based on this amount Set up automatic deposits from your checking or savings account Sit back and watch your earnings grow tax-free! 10 reasons why we love 529 plans Last year, we challenged our readers to a 40-Day College Savings Challenge during the fasting season of Lent. No matter what your religion, the 40 days leading up to the Easter holiday can be the perfect time to evaluate your spending habits and try to find room in your budget for college savings. This challenge can be the motivation you need to get started, or a great way to boost your current savings. If you fell short on your New Yearï ¿ ½s resolution to start saving for college, it can also be a way to redeem yourself! If youï ¿ ½re not sure how much you need to save, try the College Savings Planner. Even if you have a general idea about how much tuition costs, do you know how much of that cost is typically covered by grants and scholarships versus what is paid out of pocket? If youï ¿ ½re planning to save with a 529 plan, do you know if your state offers a tax deduction on contributions and how much itï ¿ ½s really worth? The College Savings Planner will help answer questions like these and also provide details on specific 529 plans that can suit your needs. Here are the steps to get started with the challenge. Be sure to keep us posted on how itï ¿ ½s going! During the next 40 days, be sure to keep track of every dollar you save Open a 529 college savings plan Use the total amount of money saved as your initial deposit Determine a realistic monthly contribution based on this amount Set up automatic deposits from your checking or savings account Sit back and watch your earnings grow tax-free! 10 reasons why we love 529 plans

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Learn About Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Cyclones

A tropical storm is a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of at least 34 knots (39 mph or 63 kph). Tropical storms are given official names once they reach these wind speeds. Beyond 64 knots (74 mph or 119 kph), a tropical storm is called a hurricane, typhoon, or cyclone based on the storm location.   Tropical Cyclones A  tropical cyclone  is a fast-spinning storm system  that has a  low-pressure  center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation,  strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of  thunderstorms  that produce heavy rain.   Tropical cyclones tend to form over large bodies of fairly warm water, typically oceans or gulfs. They get their energy from the evaporation of  water  from the  ocean  surface, which ultimately  recondenses  into  clouds  and rain when moist air rises and cools to  saturation. Tropical cyclones are typically between 100 and 2,000  kilometers in diameter. Tropical  refers to the geographical origin of these systems, which form almost exclusively over  tropical  seas.  Cyclone  refers to their cyclonic nature, with wind blowing  counterclockwise  in the  Northern Hemisphere  and clockwise in the  Southern Hemisphere. In addition to strong winds and rain, tropical cyclones can create high waves, damaging  storm surge, and  tornadoes. They typically weaken rapidly over land where they are cut off from their primary energy source. For this reason, coastal regions are particularly vulnerable to damage from a tropical cyclone as compared to inland regions. Heavy rains, however, can cause significant flooding inland, and storm surges can produce extensive coastal  flooding  up to 40 kilometers from the coastline.   When They Form Worldwide, tropical cyclone activity peaks in late summer, when the difference between temperatures aloft and sea surface temperatures is the greatest. However, each particular basin has its own seasonal patterns. On a worldwide scale, May is the least active month, while September is the most active month. November is the only month in which all the  tropical cyclone basins  are active. Warnings and Watches A tropical storm warning is an announcement that sustained winds of 34 to 63 knots (39 to 73 mph or 63 to 118 km/hr) are  expected  somewhere within the specified area within 36 hours in association with a  tropical,  subtropical, or  post-tropical  cyclone. A tropical storm watch is an announcement that sustained winds of 34 to 63 knots (39 to 73 mph or 63 to 118 km/hr) are  possible  within the specified area within 48 hours in association with a  tropical,  subtropical, or  post-tropical  cyclone. Naming of Storms Using names to identify tropical storms goes back many years, with systems named after places or things they hit before the formal start of naming. The credit for the first use of personal names for weather systems is generally given to the  Queensland Government  Meteorologist  Clement Wragge  who named systems between 1887-1907. People stopped naming storms after Wragge retired, but it was revived in the latter part of  World War II  for the Western Pacific. Formal naming schemes have subsequently been introduced for the  North and South Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Western and Southern Pacific basins  as well as the  Australian region  and the  Indian Ocean.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Doris Orgels Devil in Vienna Essay - 2316 Words

The Holocaust. A subject most people would like to forget but shouldnt. People must find out as much as possible about it so history wont repeat itself. Millions of Jewish men, women, and children , of all strata were persecuted because of what? Nothing besides the fact that they were Jewish. Most Jews living in Germany, Austria, Poland, France or practically anywhere else in Europe were sent to concentration camps. There they were either tortured or killed. In The book Devil in Vienna, by Doris Orgel, Inge a young, intelligent Jewish girl is faced with the same types of problems. Being Jewish at that time was no small problem. Instead of worrying what to wear the next day, she would have to worry about whether or not her family†¦show more content†¦Camp living conditions were atrocious. People sent to the camps were fed the very bare minimum, never bathed, were frequently beaten, given the worst sleeping quarters, and killed in mass numbers by carbon monoxide gassing, shooting and being cremated alive. The people in charge of the camps were allowed to do anything they pleased, no matter how violent and abusive. Often they would make Jews do embarrassing and painful things just out of pure hatred, such as walk around naked, dig their own grave before being shot, and work until they would die. It may not seem true, but it is all too real, and it was caused almost single-handedly by Hitler. Adolf Hitler, the man who was ultimately responsible for having thousands of Jews executed, was born on April 20, 1889 in Austria-Hungary, one of five children from his fathers third marriage (three died during childhood). He grew up in what we now call a broken home. His father was a violent ill-tempered man who would frequently resort to beatings to silence his children. His mother spoiled him with material goods, maybe out of maternal anxiety. Although Hitler was never encouraged to try his best, he was punished when he did not do well. This may explain why he acted the way he did when he grew up. Hitler did not do much better at school than he did at home. He was a poor student, not because he wasnt intelligent but rather because he never applied himself. His

Monday, May 11, 2020

Womens Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean

In every country in Latin America and the Caribbean, women suffer acute discrimination. Often, the discrimination women face is related to social prejudices regarding appropriate patterns of conduct for men and women. This entrenched sex inequality provides the backdrop for the pervasive and widespread human rights violations women face in the region, with little chance of justice. The most pernicious types of womens human rights abuses in the Americas occur in the areas of womens reproductive and sexual health and rights, discrimination and violence against women in the workplace, and violence against women in the home. After decades of dictatorships in some countries, democracy has not meant an end to impunity for violations of women†¦show more content†¦Latin America and the Caribbean is the region with the second highest HIV prevalence rate after sub-Saharan Africa. Women increasingly constitute the majority of those newly infected. Even so, governments have failed to in corporate respect for womens human rights into their central responses to the epidemic. In the Dominican Republic, for example, women are subjected to illegal HIV testing without informed consent when they seek employment or health care, and those who test positive are routinely fired from their jobs and sometimes denied public healthcare. In addition, public health professionals often reveal confidential HIV test results to womens families without the tested individuals knowledge or consent, exposing them to a heightened risk of violence and stigma. Other countries in the region, such as Peru, require as a matter of law that all pregnant women test for HIV without ensuring womens confidentiality or consent, and without linking HIV tests and counseling to the pervasive problem of domestic violence. Womens inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean is reflected in the discrimination they face in the workplace. Since the 1960s, the number of economically active women in the region has more than tripled. Though more than half of theseShow MoreRelatedAmerica, Mexico, The Caribbean, And South America Make Up Latin America Essay1070 Words   |  5 PagesCentral America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America make up Latin America. Approximately 640 million people reside in this region. Latin America is the largest foreign supplier of oil to the United States. It is the United States’ fastest growing trading partner, as well as its biggest supplier of illegal drugs. Latin America is also the largest source of U.S immigrants, both documented and not. The life expectancy for females is 72 years of age and the life expectancy for males is 79 yearsRead MoreGender Inequality During Latin American Countries1373 Words   |  6 Pagesinequality affected women in Latin American countries? Gender inequality has affected the women of Latin America in a multitude of ways, but it can be argued that the division of gender equality is extremely prominent when analyzing reproductive rights and health care access. Compared to countries such as Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States, Latin America is far behind in terms of civil rights and reproductive rights. The lack of rights is not in question; women’s barrier to reproductiveRead MoreChild Malnutrition1718 Words   |  7 Pagesmillion children under the age of five years, nearly one-third of all children in developing countries were either underweight or stunted. Malnutrition causes a great deal of physical and emotional suffering and it is a violation of a childs human r ights. Malnutrition substantially raises the risk of infant and child deaths, and increases vulnerability to a variety of diseases in later life. 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However, in the ma jority of states the enfranchisement of women followed only after the nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which granted full voting rights to women in 1920. Similarly, British women gained partial suffrage through the Representation of the People Act ofRead MoreFranklin Delano Roosevelt And The New Deal1987 Words   |  8 Pages Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park on January 30, 1882. Roosevelt, at age 28, ran for New York State senate where he fought political machines. He became the thirty second president of America in the year 1933, the worst year in the Great Depression. Roosevelt became president as a democrat. He was also president during World War II. Roosevelt was diagnosed with polio in 1921 and was paralyzed in his legs. He obtained polio when he was on a vacation in Campobello Island. In 1944 RooseveltRead MoreU.s. Foreign Policy During World War II Essay1357 Words   |  6 PagesStates quickly assumed the worst of European powers in the ir administration of their Caribbean and South American colonies. Displeased by the notion that Spanish control of Central and South American nations could further interfere with U.S. interests, interventionists and McKinley invoked the Monroe Doctrine. Citing the cruelty with which the Spanish empire ruled over the island of Cuba, along with impeded neutral rights and the vast economic losses, McKinley at last gave in to his militarist opponents

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Police Brutality, By Renee Montagne Interviews Mark Puente

Police brutality is in the spotlight these days. With new technology such as cell phones and the internet, we can barely go online without seeing something new in the headlines about the violence being perpetrated about the forces protecting our cities. In a radio interview for NPR on April 30, 2015 titled â€Å"’Baltimore Sun’ Probe Exposes ‘Disturbing Pattern’ of Police Brutality†, Renee Montagne interviews Mark Puente, who was assigned to research police brutality through the years. With visceral accounts that are credible and eye-opening, this interview speaks the facts about the issue of police brutality, including how they can change reports, and gives and inside view into the actions of America’s men in uniform through the years. Puente explains how he spent six months researching court cases in Baltimore, Maryland. He found patterns between many of them where everyday people – those who were not criminals and some who were the individuals to call the police – were victimized by officers. Startlingly, he discovered that not only were there similarities in how the situations played out, but also how they were handled through reports and during trials. â€Å"Police reports did not reflect what the lawsuits alleged†¦. Nearly all the police reports and charging documents, they used the same language.† This statement points to the fact that officers have the ability to doctor reports and other documents. Puente did not study only recent sources – he went further back into history as

World Religions Report Catholicism Free Essays

What is Catholicism? Catholicism is considered similar to Christianity with slight differences, such as having the Pope as the head of the church and a strong devotion to the Virgin Mary. Basically, Catholics believe that their Church was founded by Jesus Christ. In addition, Catholic beliefs are specifically mentioned in the Apostles’ Creed. We will write a custom essay sample on World Religions Report: Catholicism or any similar topic only for you Order Now Catholics also have sacraments which are received throughout the course of life. They give primary importance to Baptism, which makes them an official member of the Catholic Church. Generally, Catholic belief is based both on Scriprture and Tradition. The Holy Bible that contains scriptures are divided between the New and Old Testaments. â€Å"The original language of most of the Old Testament is Hebrew or Aramaic, but several books or portions of books were written in Greek. The New Testament was also written in Greek† (Christianity Portal, 2006). Moreover, sacred traditions are ones carried over from the earliest Church practices. These are handed down through scriptural teachings. They are guided in life by the Ten Commandments, that are believed to be given by God himself through a prophet named Moses. These commandments include honoring one’s parents, not taking the name of God in vain, and honoring Sabbath day (Sunday), among others. The commandments are based on love of God and mankind. Based on the commadments, Man is also forbidden to kill another or steal from others. Committing against the commandments is considered a â€Å"mortal† sin and can condemn one to hell. On the other hand, following the commandments and being good towards others promises heaven and eternal life. Furthermore, prayer is important in the life of every Catholic. However, this is not an obligation. They have various forms of prayer towards God, special prayers to saints and patron saints, ad prayers according to intention. In addition, there are Catholics who have established devotion to Mary, the mother of Jesus. They pray to her for intercession, basing on the belief that whatever is asked through her to Jesus will be granted. These, however, depends if it is God’s will. They pray the Holy Rosary, which consists of repetitions of the Hail Mary, a prayer for Mary. During the rosary, they recall the life of Christ in the form of four mysteries: Joyful, Sorrowful, Glorious, and Light Mysteries. Catholicism believes in one God and sees Him as â€Å"eternal, all-powerful, all-knowing and omnipresent†(Christianity Portal, 2006). Catholics believe that God know all man’s thoughts and sees all his actions. Catholics believe that there are three persons in one God – the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. â€Å"The faith of the Church and of the individual Christian is based on a relationship with these three Persons of the one God† (Christianity Portal, 2006). Name, Location Review of the Site The interview with Danford Cabinatan was conducted in The Saint Rita’s Catholic Church in Waianae, Hawaii. It is located in 89-318 Farrington Highway, Nanakuli. The church can be easily identified as Catholic as there are three big crosses on top of it. Inside are statues of Mary, angels, and saints. Most noticeable is the statue of the crucified Christ on the cross. There is a rectangular table by the altar where the priest officiates the Holy Mass. The said table faces wooden pews, where Catholics sit/kneel during the Mass. Based on Saint Rita’s official website, their schedule of Masses are held everyday. However, confessions are held by appointment. In addition, matrimony should be scheduled at least 6 months ahead of the actual wedding date. Saint Rita conducts religious educational activities for the youth and for adults. They conduct Bible Studies and Scripture Sharing. Interview Summary Ten questions about Catholicism were prepared for this interview. Danford Cabinatan willingly answered all these questions. He was baptized Catholic and was raised as one by his parents. Baptism, as he said, prepares adults to receive other sacraments such as Reconciliation and Confirmation. As a Catholic, he attends Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation, confesses his sins, receives the Holy Communion, and observes the days of fasting and abstinence. Some of the important and traditional Catholic holidays are the Holy Days of Obligation, Ash Wednesday, Palm Sunday, Good Friday, Easter Sunday, The Ascension, Pentecost, Trinity Sunday, Feast of the Assumption of Mary, All Saints Day, Feast of the Immaculate Conception and Christmas or the Nativity of Jesus Christ. Catholics differ from other Christians as they celebrate the Eucharist. In contrast to Christians, the Catholic Church is overseen by the Pope, and has devotion to Mary and the Saints. The Christia Bible also differs from other religious books as it has the Old and the New Testaments. All Christians use the Bible, however they differ in versions and translations. When asked how has his religion shaped his life, Cabinatan answered â€Å"Religion is/will always be part of my life and shaped me to what I am today. Believing and having faith In God. Believe in the Ten Commandments and life will be good to anyone. One just needs to recite the Apostles’ Creed. † He also denies questioning his faith at any point of his life. The Catholic Church is involved in the community lot of social programs and ministries throughout the world. They include shelters, hospitals and schools. The ministries like the Catholic Relief Services and Charities help the poor, families, sick and elderly. The Catholic Church have organizations world wide like the Daughters of Charity and the Knights of Columbus. The Knights of Columbus visited every family who had lost family member/members in the 9-11incident. In addition, the Knights also assisted and donated huge amount of money to the families affected by the 9-11 attack. Cabinatan is a member of the Knights of Columbus and a Eucharistic minister. He also is an Extra Ordinary minister at the hospital where he visits the sick and administers the Eucharist every 5th Sunday. Catholism versus Buddhism There are significant differences between Catholicism and Buddhism. Among which are beliefs, faith, traditions, and practices. One of the major differences is the entity worshipped. Catholics, as Christians, primarily believe in Jesus Christ while Buddhists believe in Buddha. Jesus Christ was the son of Mary, who conceived Christ through Immaculate Conception. Buddha was born as Siddhartha Gautama, who was the King of India. Christ claimed he is both man and God, who died and rose again, â€Å"establishing a unique and everlasting covenant with man† (Clark, 2008). On the other hand, Buddha is believed to be one of the many to come in different ages â€Å"to teach man that life is an illusion and to strip away human desires and attachments†(Clark, 2008). Christ said that he is â€Å"the Way, the Truth, and the Life† while Buddha teaches that â€Å"every person must find their own path to enlightenment, or nirvana, the extinction of self†(Clark, 2008). Jesus taught â€Å"God wishes to share His divine life, given through the Son by the power of the Holy Spirit while Buddha taught individuality must perish and that everything is One† (Clark, 2008). On faith, Buddhists do not believe in a god. Buddha was a human being â€Å"who attained full Enlightenment through meditation and showed the path of spiritual awakening and freedom† (Fisher, 2005, p. 134). With this, Buddhism is said to be a religion of â€Å"wisdom, enlightnement and compassion† while Catholicism is a religion of God. Catholics believe that the Church is the Body and Bride of Christ, the seed of the Kingdom of God, and the conduit of God’s grace and mercy in the world† (Clark, 2008). Catholics rely on faith in God when difficulties and trials come in life. Meanwhile, Buddhist teaching suggests that the only way to escape these difficulties is non-existence. In the light of sufferings and problems, Catholics see these as something to bri ng them closer to God. They see these as part of everyday life and takes these as a reason to maintain devotion to God. In other words, sufferings and sacrifices unite them with him. On the other hand, the Buddhists see suffering as something to be escaped from. They are â€Å"not concerned with whether or not God exists, nor offer worship. Instead, seek after non-self (anatman)†(Clark, 2008). Buddhists also believe that it was during meditation under a bodhi tree that Buddha was suddenly enlightened. He was enlightened with the doctrine or â€Å"dharma† of â€Å"Four Noble Truths†. These are: (1) life is suffering; (2) the cause of suffering is desire; (3) to be free from suffering we must detach from desire; and, (4) the â€Å"eight-fold path† is the way to alleviate desire. The eight-fold path includes having right views, intentions, speech, actions, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration. The final goal of Buddhism is not merely to eradicate desire, but to be free of suffering. (Clark, 2008) On practice, the Catholics celebrate the Holy Eucharist every Sunday. They attend the mass on Holy Days of Obligation: Feast of the Immaculate Conception and Christmas Day. Catholics have various prayers that are prayed at any time of the day. Catholics also have traditional prayers such as the Our Father, that is believed to have been taught by Jesus Christ himself. Any conversation with God is considered a form of prayer. At times, they meditate and keep silent, since they believe that God speaks in silence. Buddhists, on the other hand, do not pray to a higher power as Catholics do, but they recite mantras and meditate. Buddhists meditate to gain clarity of thought, power of concentration and insight into the true nature of reality. Similarities noted between these two religions is the practice of prayer and the desire to reach a good and peaceful state. According to the Ignatius in Sight website, â€Å"External similarities, including monks, meditation, and prayer beads, seemed to indicate a newly discovered closeness between the followers of Christ and Buddha† (Clark, 2008). Conclusion It appears that Catholicism is a religion while Buddhism is more of a way of life. Catholics observes rules based on the commandments and morals that guide their way of life. However, this is not in a strict sense. Some opt to be non-practicing Catholics. These are ones who were baptized in the Catholic church but do not attend the Mass or receive any other sacraments. Catholics may do good in the name of God and mankind but with the fear that failing to do so will make them sin and go to hell. Also, they aim to do what the Catholic Church teach, for fear of immorality. Based from the interview of Danford Cabinatan, his inclination in the Catholic faith was instilled right after birth. He was baptized as a Catholic and accordingly brought up as one by his parents. When he was asked how he deals with the impulses of the secular world, he exclaimed â€Å"I tell everyone to stay close to the church and life will be good to you! Don’t let life pass you by! This is why Cabinatan is an active member of the Church and a true practicing Catholic. The impression is Cabinatan appears contented and happy being a Catholic all his life. He even remarked that he has never doubted the Catholic faith. He did not consider converting to any religion. Just like any job, relationship, or status, one’s religion can be freely chosen. What matters is what works for the person and what makes him live a healthy productive life. For Cabinatan, Catholicism is beneficial, as he appears contented and confident in the Catholic belief. How to cite World Religions Report: Catholicism, Papers

Principles of Marketing - Case Study #1 Jet Blue free essay sample

1. Give examples of need, wants, and demands that Jetblue customers demonstrate, differentiating these three concepts. What are the implications of each for Jetblue’s practices? Jetblue meets customers physical needs by providing unlimited snacks and beverages during their flights, they even meet their social needs by providing such great customer service that their customers can feel at home, and they even meet their individual needs by providing free wi-fi in the terminals and providing free sending and receiving of emails while on board. The implications of meeting these needs is that Jetblue is truly dedicated to satisfying the customer and meeting all their needs to the best of their abilities, not just some partially. 2. Describe in detail all of the facets of Jetblue’s product. What is being exchanged in a Jetblue transaction? Jetblue’s product is an all inclusive customer service experience that meets all of their customers’ needs and surpasses their expectations. We will write a custom essay sample on Principles of Marketing Case Study #1: Jet Blue or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The product they are given begins with the customer service they receive when booking the ticket, which is distinguished by its low price and continues when they arrive at the termainal. For example JFK’s new J5 terminal offers more than other terminals and has more security lines to improve the customers’ entire experience. On the airplane, superior customer service continues through an effort at humor during the safety lecture, unlimited snacks and drinks, free emailing, and staff that are willing to help anytime with a smile on their faces. Jetblue creates customer-managed relationships. Value is being exchanged in a Jetblue transaction. Customer satisfaction/value for value from the customers, which in turn becomes profits for the company and due to the relationships they have built creating loyal customers, many of their customers love them and continue to fly Jetblue and recommend Jetblue to their friends and family. 3. Which of the five marketing management concepts best applies to Jetblue? The Marketing Concept is the marketing management concept that best applies to Jetblue because it is focused on knowing and delivering the needs and wants of the target market and delivering those needs and wants with superior customer satisfaction, which is actually included in their customers wants for an airline experience; comfort and a pleasant trip, rather than a miserable time with hunger pains in an uncomfortable seat with no leg-room. 4. What value does Jetblue create for its customers? It offers superior customer service that makes its service highly valued by its customers. 5. Is Jetblue likely to continue in being successful in building customer relationships? Why or why not? Yes, because as long as it continues to meet customer wants and needs with superior customer service and keeps its prices low, its customers will continue to find value in its product/service, meaning they will be dedicated customers and even advocates for Jetblue, which in turn comes to the company in the form of value from its customers that turns into profits for the company. Maintaining these customer relationships is done through continuing to offer great customer service always, and even making an effort to stay in touch. For example, Jetblue has many followers on twitter. This is customer loyalty, which is one of the most important reasons why they are so successful.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Online Sportswear And Fashion Retailer †Myassignmenthepl.Com

Question: Discuss About The Online Sportswear And Fashion Retailer? Answer: Introduction The Iconic is one of the most renowned and well-recognized online sportswear and fashion retailer which is established in Sydney, Australia in the year 2011. It is one of the giant in the e-commerce business and the leading fashion retailer of Australia having an extended reach with its 50,000 products and 700 diverse brands. The company is taking sue of well-known and highly potential marketing strategies especially digital media for expanding its market share and increasing the number of customer base (The Iconic, 2017). The key purpose behind developing this paper is to understand, evaluate and analyse the various digital marketing strategies as well as having an integration of these digital marketing strategies with the traditionally used crick and mortar marketing approaches. The paper will present the key customers of the selected brand. The Iconic, its various market segments, the social media platforms on which the brand is dominatingly active and the benefits and uses of hav ing significant presence on such platforms. Use of Digital Marketing by The Iconic The customers of The Iconic can be segregated in three different segments on the basis of their behavioural, demographic and psychographic factors. From the demographic segmentation, it includes individuals that are of age group between 18 to 40 years that possess high level education and in the category of upper middle class and high class income level. The second segmentation is on the basis of behavioural factors that comprises of the customers that have certain behavioural aspects such as who prefer online shopping more than buying from physical stores, the customers have less time and prefer selecting from a wide range of products after having a comparative analysis of the prices and reviews. The third segmentation is on the basis of psychographic factors such as it comprises of the individuals who have an interest in the fashion trends, enjoying socializing and shopping, the people who are more conscious regarding their looks and wants to wear trendy and fashionable clothes. Th us, the customers are overall segregated in these three segments (Bng and Roos, 2014). And to attract the customers of every segment there are various marketing strategies and platforms on which promotions are done for fetching the attention of the customers. Social media platform for Market Segment 1: Demographic To attract the customers from the demographic market segment the company take use of various platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat and other digital marketing tools such as displaying of advertisements on sites, promotional emails etc. But the primary digital marketing and social platform taken use is Facebook as it is one of the best ways to attract the most extended reach of customers. There are around 663,198 people who follow the Facebook page of The Iconic on regular basis (Facebook, 2017). This shows the huge number of potential number of customers the company has. The key reason behind taking use of Facebook as the social media platform for the marketing purpose is that it helps the potential customers to remain engaged with the products and newly launched goods of the brand and fascinates the customers to purchase the same. Social media platform for Market Segment 2: Behavioural To attract the customers from the behavioural market segment the company take use of various platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat and other digital marketing tools such as displaying of advertisements on sites, promotional emails etc. But the primary digital marketing and social platform taken use is Twitter as it is one of the prominent ways of attracting the potential customers and having extended market reach. It is the chosen social platform for marketing because of the fact that there are several aspects and features of the customers of the behavioural market segment. The customers have a behavioural tendency to judge the brand from the various reviews and tweets made in respect with the brand and its goods and merchandises. These types of customers share their views also and want to remain updated about the overall brand image of the company and then only want to associate them with the company by the means of its products. There are approximately 12,600 tweets made till the day and there are a total of 25,900 individuals who are the active followers of the brand and its products (Twitter, 2017). Social media platform for Market Segment 3: Psychographic To attract the customers from the psychographic market segment the company take use of various platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat and other digital marketing tools such as displaying of advertisements on sites, promotional emails etc. But the primary digital marketing and social platform taken use is Instagram as it is one of the best ways to attract the customers who are more concerned with their looks as at the Instagram profile of the company, the customers tend to see the models as well as other customers of the Iconic wearing the similar products. Thus, as a psychographic factor of analysing things from various aspects, the customers prefer Instagram as the best social media platform for taking a buying decision. There are a total of 270,000 followers of the Iconic at Twitter (Instagram, 2017). This is the number of people who follow the brand on Instagram and tend to have a display of all the photos posted by the company on regular basis. The continuous display of images and help in attracting the potential customers and preferably develop them as the prime customers of the brand. Effectiveness of The Iconic in utilizing the social platforms for marketing The Iconic is extremely effective and efficient enough in utilizing all the above mentioned social platforms for the marketing of its products, goods and merchandizes to the customers of all market segments. The effectiveness of the company can be realized by the total number of followers each social platform have. The greatest the numbers of followers are, the maximum are the chances of the brand to achieve huge competitive benefits as well as increased number of customer base (Dunn, 2016). There are several queries and questions of the customers which are posted on such platforms and Iconic remain keenly active and engaged by answering to all the queries of the customers. This results in increases customer involvement and customer engagement that develops strong customer relationship with the company and the products (Nobre and Silva, 2014). It has also been evaluated that the company is much effective in taking sue of these platforms as at all the social media platforms, there is present complete information related to the latest and new arrivals of the company as well as the one which are about to launch in the coming time frame. This help the company in remaining globally visible and present in the market for attracting more and more customers from across the globe. Thus, it can be said that The Iconic is utilizing the social platforms in an effective and efficient manner for its purpose of marketing (Ashley and Tuten, 2015). The priority as per the analysis and the present market condition must be given to first to Facebook as it has the highest number of followers in comparison with other social platforms as well as it is one of the social media which is extensively used by maximum of the individuals on daily basis. It is found that people are much active on Facebook rather than having their presence of other social platforms. The second priority must be given to Insatgram and one major reason is the number of followers. The other reason is that Insatgram is one of the platforms on which there can be posted images on a regular basis for attracting customers and it is a good source for attracting the potential customers. The third social platform which must be given priority is Twitter as comparatively it has less number of followers but still people gather information about the brand from the tweets of several customers. And it is essential that the company must be active and have a good engagement with the customers who are present of Twitter too (Scott, 2015). Diverse aspects of different social platforms Every market segment is unique and different and so the social platforms and thus, it is not necessary that for attracting the customers a single or similar social platform will be beneficial for all the market segments. There are diverse features of all the social platforms and there is some sort of aspects as per which all the social media platforms will not work for all market segments. For example, people who only prefer seeing the images for purchasing the products are not very less interested in the comments posted on that product by other on Twitter (Swani, Brown and Milne, 2014). And the diversity in the individuals influences their selection of social platforms for reaming active and involve in purchasing of products. Thus, it is evident that because of diversity in behavioural, psychographic and demographic factors, it cannot be done that all the social media platforms will work for all market segments (Ting, et al., 2015). Conclusion Digital marketing is extending its roots and is taken effective use by all sorts of companies irrespective of their size and geographical location. From the paper it can be evaluated and concluded that The Iconic is evidently present on all recognized social platforms as well as taking efficient use of these platforms for marketing of its products. Thus, it can be stated that to remain in limelight, it is necessary that the company invest time, money and effort to boost its presence on all such social platforms so that more number of customers can be targeted and upsurge sales can be generated. References Scott, D.M., 2015.The new rules of marketing and PR: How to use social media, online video, mobile applications, blogs, news releases, and viral marketing to reach buyers directly. John Wiley Sons. Ashley, C. and Tuten, T., 2015. Creative strategies in social media marketing: An exploratory study of branded social content and consumer engagement. Psychology Marketing,32(1), pp.15-27. Swani, K., Brown, B.P. and Milne, G.R., 2014. Should tweets differ for B2B and B2C? An analysis of Fortune 500 companies' Twitter communications.Industrial Marketing Management,43(5), pp.873-881. Nobre, H. and Silva, D., 2014. Social network marketing strategy and SME strategy benefits.Journal of Transnational Management,19(2), pp.138-151. Ting, H., Wong, W., De Run, E.C. and Lau, S.Y.C., 2015. Beliefs about the use of Instagram: An exploratory study.International Journal of business and innovation,2(2), pp.15-31. Dunn, K., 2016. Investigating Social Media Strategies by Brands on Facebook and Instagram. Bng, A. and Roos, C., 2014. Digital Marketing Strategy. Twitter, 2017. The Iconic. Accessed on: 7th September, 2017. Accessed from: Facebook, 2017. The Iconic. Accessed on: 7th September, 2017. Accessed from: Instagram, 2017. The Iconic. Accessed on: 7th September, 2017. Accessed from: The Iconic, 2017. About Us. Accessed on: 7th September, 2017. Accessed from:

Saturday, March 21, 2020

The American Empires Public Affairs Strategy

Table of Contents Introduction United States and the Third World Commissioning of Polls Benefits of Commissioning Polls Effects of Commissioning Polls Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Recent literature shows that there is a close relationship between money and politics. This has some implications to both developed and developing democracies, meaning that finances affect democracy. In the developing world, many scholars have observed that money dominates politics because multinational corporations and powerful states have always influenced politicians to dance to their tune by offering them huge amounts of money during campaigns. Such politicians would in turn create policies that favor such multinational companies or agencies (Greenhouse 54).Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on The American Empire’s Public Affairs Strategy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Furthermore, some politicians obtain money from illegal trades such as human and drug trafficking. Even though money is required to fund any democratic process, this paper discloses how the United States agencies and multinational companies have taken this advantage to manipulate political processes in developing countries. American agencies are known to influence elections in various parts of the world, especially where the American government has some stakes. Sponsored politicians would afterwards pay the debts by extending some favors to Americans, which is usually deranged. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the key player during elections in many states. The agency has the responsibility of monitoring political events in countries it operates and reporting to the US state department for action. The agency further collects data pertaining to geo-political state affairs and evaluates necessary actions to be taken. Some parties in developing countries are usually funded while others are brand ed as traitors, especially those associated with socialist or communist ideas. The agency determines whom to fund, how much is to be issued and in which way should the same funds be utilized. Politicians and political parties in developing countries do not report to their supporters but to their financiers. Usually, funding is kept as a secret implying that it is never disclosed to the public. After elections, taxpayers are forced to pay dearly through engaging in unwarranted trade, consuming sub-standard goods and paying for debts that they did not create.Advertising Looking for term paper on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This article discusses the role of the USAID and the US state department in relation to elections in developing countries. The paper analyzes how Americans commission polls in countries they have interests. The article identifies that there are generally some things that Americans target, which compel them to participate in oversees elections actively. Such actions have profound consequences to the developing countries. This paper explores the effects that crop up due to external interference in elections. Voters in developing countries would not have genuine leaders because they are imposed on them by the world’s superpowers. Political interference is one of the reasons why the gap between the rich nations and poor will continue widening. The paper further clarifies that not all countries in the third world are under US surveillance. Americans are interested in the few states that matter. It is observed that economic interests, national security, ideological factors and diplomatic relations are some of the reasons that make Americans develop interests to influence political processes in other sovereign states. United States and the Third World The US government imports various commodities from the third world such as wheat flour, coarse grains and oilseeds (Cassen 65). These products are important because the US re-distribute them to the needy and to other countries that experience shortages. The products are frequently obtained at cheaper prices as opposed to sourcing them locally. Furthermore, American farmers benefit from good diplomatic ties between their government and foreign states. The farmers export their genetically modified products to the poor in the third world at exorbitant prices.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on The American Empire’s Public Affairs Strategy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Such products are not allowed for consumption in the US economy. The third world acts as a dumping site for non-standard products. These farmers have their own mechanisms that ensure continuous exploitation of foreign markets. It is not surprising for the US state agencies to influence voting in developing countries. Non-responsive governments would reject Am erican farm products leading to heavy losses among American farmers. Such farmers would therefore lobby the government to ensure that only cooperative regimes are elected in developing countries (Cashel 42). On the other hand, insensitive governments in developing countries would be adamant to dispose farm products at low prices. American manufactures would undergo hardships because of increased costs of production. The government interferes with elections in developing countries to safeguard the interests of manufactures, who play an important role in sustaining the economy. The world is experiencing a shortage of natural energy. European states are competing with the American government for natural power, forcing the government to come up with strategies that would guarantee continuous supply. The US government strives to obtain sufficient supplies of energy at low prices. The costs of production would skyrocket if energy prices go up. The government therefore comes up with approa ches that would ensure steady supply of fuel. Statistics show that the US has not been utilizing energy in the most cost effective way since 1970s. This has been due to low prices of energy and abundant supplies. In the modern world, supplies have been affected by competition from other states. Many countries are developing meaning that energy is consumed in high rates. Recent developments and economic recession has forced the US to interfere with sovereignties of other states in order to secure oil and other sources of natural energies.Advertising Looking for term paper on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The US depends on OPEC countries for energy supplies implying that elections in OPEC countries matter so much to Americans. The US government has been forced to engage Mexico in talks because of its potential of supplying natural energy. It is true that elections in Mexico are influenced by American agencies and multinationals. Only leaders who can guarantee cooperation with Americans are allowed to contest. Furthermore, the US government is presently engaged in the Middle East conflict system mainly because of oil. It is established by the American agencies that conflicts between Arab states and Israel would interfere with American interests. The US government is keen about the type of leadership in the Middle East region. The GCC was formed to cater for the interests of Americans. Americans would condemn unresponsive leaders claiming that they are undemocratic. Gaddafi was ousted because he was unwilling to cooperate with Americans. Oil is therefore one of the reasons why American s would interfere with sovereignties of other states. Recently, the US government has been trying to strengthen ties with the Arab countries, by encouraging Palestine to demand for sovereignty. Americans argue that the UN Security Council should allow Palestine to gain full independence because it deserves. This would pacify states in the MENA region, which would in turn enhance cooperation with Americans. Through this, the US would have a chance of influencing electioneering processes. In the existing international system, the US is unable to influence leadership in the Arab world because of riches and economic stabilities. Things like democracy and human rights are not a priority in the Arab world because of their culture and region. The US cannot tie anything to democracy and governance in the Arab states, unlike in the developing countries where democracy is tied to foreign Aid. Prevalent poverty predisposes African and South American states to US influence (Bollen and Paxton 19 0). The US has recently established an alternative strategy that would give it entry to the Arab world. During the Cold War, many states in Africa and South America could not elect their leaders freely because the US ensured that candidates of their choice were declared winners (Gaddis 76). The CIA collaborated with American multinational corporations to install leaders who would allow American firms to conduct trade peacefully. For instance, in 1960s, leaders who suggested or proposed nationalization of foreign firms were assassinated or were forced to operate outside the state boundaries. Such dissidents could not be allowed to form government because Americans could lose terribly. In Kenya for example, the head of state was advised by American investors to adopt an economic plan that would guide the nation to victory. The economic strategies were contained in Session paper number ten, which Kenyatta (head of state) termed as Kenya’s economic bible. Americans were against t he opposition because it supported communism, which meant that the economy was to be handled centrally. The US government provided Kenyatta with all technical support he needed in order to trounce the opposition. In effect, Kenyatta banned the opposition party, referred to as KPU (Kenya’s People Union), and its leader Jaramogi Oginga Odinga jailed (Bevan 276). The opposition leader was detained mainly because he opposed American interests by supporting the East (USSR). Nevertheless, the US investments in developing countries are extensive, highly visible and significant to American taxpayers. The investments give the US raw materials, manufactured goods and revenue. For instance, 39% of the US cumulative FDI in 1976 was in the third world. In other words, out of $137 billion US wealth, $29 billion was in the third world. Available data shows that the amount kept on increasing from 1976 to early 2000s, before China and other major powers became powerful economically. Surprisin gly, 37% of all American investments originated from the third world in 1980. The US lending institutions benefited a lot from the American hegemonic powers in the international system in 1980s. It is therefore observed that foreign investments benefits Americans in many ways, such as elevating the excellence and magnitude of employment, promoting efficiency and giving investors access to needed raw materials. In real sense, the American public does not benefit instead it is some individuals in the American society, especially the rich. Leaders in the developing countries perceived to be pursuing contrary interests are frequently attacked by Americans during elections. This contradicts the American policy of laissez faire, which claims that the economy should be allowed to operate according to its own internal logics. Policies made by American government aim at advancing trade, enforcing balance of payment and ensuring adequate taxation. The US government came up with Hickenlooper a mendment, which suggested that the US government would cut diplomatic relations with foreign states that expropriated US property without timely and sufficient reparation. The government would further monitor the progress of leaders who advocated for nationalization or expropriation of American investments without compensation. Such leaders or political parties would be dealt with during elections. To strengthen American influence, the US government established a national body referred to as Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), whose role was to guarantee safety to American investors. The agency liaises with other American state organs to deliberate on the way forward during elections in each state. It can be observed in this section that Americans have various reasons that make them interfere with sovereignties of other states. Each state has its own interests and in case such wishes conflict with those of others, a state of war is inevitable. The existing international system compels a state to use all possible means to fulfill its interests. There is no central authority in the international system implying that the most powerful states will always have their way. The system is likened to the Hobbestian state of nature where life is anarchic and brutal. The most powerful acquires all the values and resources of society. In the same way, the most powerful states will always force the less developed ones to come into terms with their policies. The situation can only be rectified if states agree to surrender their sovereignty to one common central authority, which Hobbes referred to as Leviathan. The United Nations was created to rectify the mess but its role is so ineffective mainly because it lacks powers to enforce. Its existence depends on the good will of states, of which again the most powerful are given precedence. The UN is a toothless dog that depends on the US and other developed nations for funding and human resources (Brumberg 56). It ca nnot step up to rectify the mess caused by Americans in the international system. Americans will continue interfering with elections in some states mainly because of poverty. Politicians and political parties have no sources of funding, which makes them to seek American funding. The modern party system is characterized by expert campaign, which is costly and highly complicated. This gives Americans a chance to utilize their wealth in order to acquire more resources. Some scholars observe that candidate-centered parties in the developing countries are replacing the mass parties. This implies that leaders and their political parties are no longer interested in formulating policies but are more focused on power. Their major aim is to access governmental power and authority. Once in power, they attempt to fulfill their selfish interests by establishing links with foreigners, who are mainly Americans. Americans on their part will always ensure that such leaders remain in power by funding their campaigns during elections. Parties in developing countries are poorly structured, which gives Americans easy access to exploit the economy. Parties depend on the opinion of leaders meaning that there are no clearly laid down regulations and rules that guide them. Commissioning of Polls The executive branch of the US central government does not have a federal system that is charged with policy formulation for developing countries. The US government does not make laws for the developing countries relating to elections or any political processes. However, there are departments set up by the state to oversee political processes in developing countries. Such departments are usually in conflict because of contradictory interests. It naturally follows that policies aimed at regulating political processes in developing countries are fragmented. The department of state acts as a general supervisor by coordinating the activities of various agencies, including USAID. The state departme nt is not concerned about the interests of developing countries, although it claims to be apprehensive of leadership in the third world. The department maintains influence through mutual development, which is mainly in form of AID. Furthermore, the department has other interests that are mainly related to foreign policies. The US through its department of state influences the third world to implement policies that are favorable to American investors. Therefore, the state department has additional roles apart from economic development. The department is used as a political tool to fulfill short term, economic goals. American AID is tied to humanitarian issues such as freedom of press, respect of human rights, fair elections, appreciating interest groups, accountability, democracy, and good governance. Aid is given to states that respect the tenets of democracy meaning that elections must be free and fair. This gives Americans a good opportunity to manipulate the process of electing l eaders. Particular leaders are funded heavily by promoting their campaigns in famous Medias and bribing voters. The American department of treasury is also in charge of commissioning polls. The department approves assistance in form of AID to various cooperative states. Such assistance is usually tied to conditionality such as fairness in elections. Countries known to rig elections are erased from the list of those to be assisted. The department formulates policies that guide American global financial policies. The department is in charge of USAID, which is supposed to collect intelligence and advice the American investors on the geo-political climate of countries they operate. One of the AID program is the PL -480, which is only given to states that conduct peaceful elections. The department of defense is also involved in commissioning of polls in the third world. It supplies military weapons to states that are willing to cooperate with it. Furthermore, the department can intervene militarily to salvage the regime of desired leaders in the third world. A good example is the Vietnam case where the military department intervened militarily to reclaim the Southern part of Vietnam that was almost seized by Minh, who was a communist. The US government had rejected elections held democratically because a communist had emerged winner. The US government went ahead to support Southern rebels by supplying several weapons and offering technical assistance to militants. Minh’s regime wanted to flush out Americans and welcome Russians to Vietnam. Americans interpreted this as a betrayal and saw the need to intervene because American interests were at risk. While seeking to further their interests, Americans do not care whether lives are lost. The ‘My Lai massacre’ is one example that proves that American interests are more than anything else. The military killed innocent people only to achieve national interests. In the US, individuals can commission p olls in the developing countries. Dominant personalities can order state department to monitor elections and other important political processes in the third world. Depending on regimes, individuals have powers to use state machinery to achieve their interests abroad. During Nixon’s regime for example, the secretary of treasury (William Simon) opposed the idea that Americans would benefit from funding elections in the developing countries. The secretary arrived at this conclusion after conducting an extensive research, with the help of his subordinates. The secretary observed further that funding elections in the third world was contrary to the economic laws of America. The secretary of state (Henry Kissinger) and his undersecretary (Charles Robinson) supported the idea of funding elections in developing countries. They had strong reasons because they were scholars of international relations. They understood the importance of hegemonic powers in the international system. They observed that Americans would achieve desired results both economically and politically. Kissinger had a strong opinion that affected American foreign policy during his leadership at the state department. During Kissinger’s time, the US had a hawkish foreign policy, which led to many conflicts in the world. The US ensured that elections all over the world produced leaders of their choice. In some regions, elections resulted to wars because Americans funded losers to revolt against the democratically elected governments. This was a time when coups were everywhere, especially in Africa and Asia. American influence in elections led to emergence of military Juntas in South America (Sean 163). Either USSR or the US funded the Juntas. During these years, the international system was highly militarized leading to insecurity in the world. Many people lost their lives and property because of American interests. Kissinger’s foreign policies never allowed leaders in developing w orld to come up with strategies that would help their people. Capitalism was embraced the way it was, which could not help the poor. American government could have allowed leaders in the third world to adopt policies that would solve problems associated with poverty. Policy analysts observe that environmental consideration is important if a policy is to flourish. Nixon’s regime, with Kissinger as the state secretary forced many states to split while others chose to secede. North Korea parted ways with the South while Congo split into various provinces (Stueck 102). The problem of secession was caused by elections. Americans wanted some elements to dominate government because they could easily be influenced. This disillusioned many communities who decided to form their own governments, with the help of the UN. Power resources were not equitably distributed because of external influence. African scholars argue that the West, led by Americans, brought many problems to the contin ent (World Bank 88). Parties have never matured because they have never been given chances to restructure. In fact, single individuals control so many political parties in Africa. It is surprising because this is what Americans call democracy. The congress is also alleged to commission polls in the third world. In 1973, the congress instigated a reform program that would strengthen American foreign relations on human needs in developing countries (Sartorius and Vernon 320). It is observed that the congress has some powers bestowed to it by the constitution to make sure that American interests are achieved abroad. The Vietnam War changed the perception of congress meaning that the executive could not commit Americans to war without consulting the congress. The congress determines which countries, political parties and leaders to assist during elections in the third world. However, the congress relies on information from USAID and embassies. This is seen as an attempt to deter the exe cutive from pursuing contrary interests. The president cannot order American troops to intervene military to salvage his/her friends in foreign countries. The congress evaluates carefully what Americans could gain before endorsing any military action (Heng-fu Zou 313). The type of action is also assessed by the congress before it is implemented. The congress has proved to be a force to reckon with in determining foreign relations. At some point, the congress barred the executive from intervening military in El Salvador because Americans could get nothing. The sale of radar warning aircraft to the government of Saudi Arabia was also opposed by the congress. This was opposed because Saudi Arabia could use the technology to oppress its neighbors and dominate the region militarily. Commissioning of polls in the third world seems to be a matter of concern to various stakeholders in the American financial system. Interest groups are some of the many players that take part in electioneerin g processes in the third world. Trade unions are singled out as being in front line during elections in the third world. Unions have actually contributed too much to the stability and strength of the American society. It lobbies the government to assist developing countries during elections because of some reasons. Some of these reasons are self-interests while others are related to domestic economic conditions. In 1960s, the US was in full control of the world meaning that it had monopoly over world capital. Furthermore, the US was well to do economically because of high quality products and constant surpluses. The US enjoyed high technology that was not available to any other state. During these years, unions preferred to adopt the policy of free trade because no competitor could match their products. The problem started when other nations obtained high technology. American manufacturers could no longer enjoy monopolies forcing them to seek government help. The manufacturers can r equest the state to intervene militarily in order to force other states to consume their goods. Due to this reason, the state cannot allow developing nations to shift loyalties. The state ensures that citizens in developing countries use goods from the US. Without foreign markets, manufacturers could be forced to close down their businesses, which would cause various problems to the government, including evasion of tax. Furthermore, the state loses its economic power in the international system. Other interest groups such as religious organizations are also players in the US foreign relations. Such groups became active after the 1970s food crisis that rocked the world. They suggested that the US government and other developed countries must supply food to the needy in the developing countries. All the same, they also insist on accountability and clean elections. Some leaders have Islamic orientations while others are Christians. This is a major concern to religious groups. The power ful groups tend to sponsor candidates with socialist policies in the third world. Religious groups are much concerned about human rights meaning that political parties that respect human life are funded heavily in order to take over governmental powers and authority. Religious groups support socialist policies because they are aimed at supporting citizens economically. Finally, the issue of minority and ethnic groups emerges during elections in developing countries. One Senator concluded that ethnic groups play important roles in political processes both in the US and abroad. The senator termed this as secret weapon implying that such groups have political objectives abroad. The Jewish presence in America vs. American foreign policy in the Middle East serves as an example (Sayigh 20). Furthermore, the Greeks in America have been lobbying the government not to supply weapons to Turkey because of the Cyprus conflict. Ethnic communities have their own interests in their places of origi n implying that they would prefer certain leaders to others. Senior government officials would not allow the US to slap sanctions to their native states. Black Americans have prevented the US government from ousting certain leaders believed to be interfering with US interests in Africa. This implies that ethnicity and the issue of minority is a factor to reckon with during elections in the developing countries. The minorities have been reported to collect funds aimed at sponsoring some candidates in the developing countries (Turner 739). In conclusion, many stakeholders in the US can commission polls in developing countries. Overall, USAID is charged with the responsibility of feeding various stakeholders with relevant information. As earlier stated, the agency acts as a resource center in partnership with US embassies. Benefits of Commissioning Polls The Americans attempt to interfere with polls in the developing countries because of a number of reasons. Some benefits accrue becaus e of funding political parties and politicians in the developing countries. All stakeholders in the American public domain have one or two things that come their way because of funding parties in the third world. Manufacturers benefit from increased markets. Puppet leaders in the developing countries try to influence consumers to use American made products. Such leaders control imports by imposing heavy tariffs to goods originating from other states. This gives Americans a leeway to the economy. Furthermore, substandard goods are allowed to enter the market without scrutiny. Americans benefit because wider markets boost production in their country. Producers are guaranteed of ready markets, which in turn enhance employment. American foreign firms employ many American who could otherwise be jobless in their land. In this regard, commissioning of polls in the third world augments the standards of living of many Americans. Some products are not cheap to produce locally because of costs such as labor. America producers and manufacturers can easily import such goods from American controlled satellites. Raw materials are obtained at a relatively cheap price as compared to producing them locally. American elites benefit from commissioning polls because they invest in third world countries, which have cheap labor and unexploited markets. Such elites could face stiff competition at home. In most cases, goods produced are exported to the US where they are sold at high prices. This amounts to double profits, which encourage more investment. Employees are paid so cheaply in the third world. Governments in the developing countries cannot rise up to assist the poor because they are given some money or favors. Their relatives are given comfortable jobs, which silence them completely. In Kenya for example, the head of state (Daniel Moi) was supposed to nominate the deputy director of Delmonte Company, an American firm specializing in juice production. Workers could easily be separated whenever they attempted to fight for their rights. This means that American bourgeoisies use the state to advance their interests. This could not happen in their land because of the level of enlightenment and the nature of the constitution. The comprador-bourgeoisies are co-opted to come up with unfavorable labor laws. Commissioners of polls in the third world use state machinery such as the judiciary, police and labor ministries to mistreat workers. They cannot be questioned because they actually own the government. Furthermore, American firms operating in the third world can easily go against international labor laws without being questioned. Workers are never consulted whenever new techniques or technology is introduced in the company. Trade unions are the properties of the American elites. The poor are completely deprived of their independence because they are not given time to fulfill their societal roles. Workers in the third world are only left with time for carryin g out animal related activities such as eating, sleeping and procreating. In the real sense, this could not happen in the American society. In the developing countries, exploitation has reached unsurpassed levels whereby workers are alienated from their families. Workers produce goods they do not consume. Delmonte juice is extremely expensive meaning that no Kenyan laborer can afford. The American bourgeoisies use the white-collar employees to influence workers to be cooperative. Workers are threatened with retrenchments, sackings, punishment and demotions. These produce an effective laborer, which benefits American elites. Equally, the American government benefits from commissioning of polls. First, investments in the third world are repatriated to the American financial system. Rarely do investors utilize their money in the host state. A state under American domination is highly monitored in terms of production of weapons of mass destruction. Libya, Tunisia, Syria, Iraq and other Middle East states are under control of Americans. The states cannot engage in military strategies without informing the US. In fact, this is viewed as colonialism because everything is controlled by an external power. In the international system, a state stamps authority because of controlling political processes in various states. The US has a huge following in the world because leaders subscribe to their policies. This is helpful in the UN Security Council, especially during voting. American policies are approved immediately meaning that the state enjoys hegemonic powers. Trade cooperation between America and developing countries is unbalanced meaning that the US gains more than its satellites. Effects of Commissioning Polls The consequences of commissioning polls in the third world are both positive and negative. The negative ones outweigh the positive effects. To begin with, democracy is restored in the developing nations. During the Cold War, no leader was held accountable bec ause the US wanted their support. This led to emergency of personal rulers in Africa such as Id Amin of Uganda, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania and Gaddafi of Libya. Such leaders were brutal to citizens and could do anything to remain in power. They were leaders with low esteem. They were indifferent to the sufferings of people. Their governments were full of corrupt individuals (Alesina and Weder 97). In South America, military Juntas exercised terror on human beings. They could engage in drug trafficking without caring about the lives of the youth. A good example is FARC administration in Columbia, which was ruthless to citizens. The militia group took over government and instituted laws that would help it in distributing drugs liberally. Many farmers lost their wealth, including land. The state was ungovernable because militia groups were everywhere. With the help of the US and other developed nations, such military Juntas are no more and personal rulers in Africa cannot be found anyw here. American intervention can be said to be helpful because it has raised the level of awareness. Undemocratic leaders are being wiped out together with their political parties. During and after elections, no cases of tribal clashes are experienced because leaders are monitored by the US state agencies. During the Cold War era, elections were marred by post election violence, which caused the lives of many. Several people were rendered homeless due to tribal clashes. In Africa, elections were sources of conflicts because some states failed to recover from hangovers of elections. In the modern world, the US ensures that elections are conducted peacefully. Perpetrators of violence are carefully monitored. Some have been tried at the international criminal court at The Hague. Life is highly valued in the modern society and nothing should interfere with it, a part from natural disasters. Conversely, negative effects are more amazing because the US denies people a chance to elect leade rs freely. The electorate is influenced to vote for leaders favored by Americans. It could be more constructive if leaders are elected on merit. Influencing voters to vote for leaders is undemocratic. In fact, it is a violation of human rights. Proposed leaders are unresponsive to the sufferings of citizens. Furthermore, they can easily be compromised to betray the subjects. Once a leader acquires power illegally that is, through bribery, it is usually difficult to get him/her out. As some scholars have argued, power corrupts meaning that absolute power would corrupt absolutely. Furthermore, American interference in elections denies the electorate an opportunity to test leadership skills of politicians (Jha 310). Funding some parties over others facilitates hostilities that could easily lead to tribal clashes. This is because power is not adequately distributed. Money constrains chances of political contest. In extreme cases, it eliminates opposition. The ruling parties have an uppe r hand because they can access state machinery that may appease Americans to fund them. Funding one side leads to unequal access to power. This does not reflect the wishes of the majority because only sponsored candidates win elections. Bribing voters pervades politics and demoralizes the rule of law. Americans cannot argue to be promoting the rule of law yet they contribute in diving people. The rich become richer while the poor continue languishing in poverty. Citizens suffer more because financed leaders are only responsible to their financiers not the ruled. It should be noted that leaders in developing countries formulate a strong relationship with their American bosses to an extent of neglecting their own people. Whenever a controversy stems up, the views of the financiers are given priority. This leads to poor governance. Conclusion It is true that Americans interfere in political processes in the third world mainly because of their selfish interests. This is contrary to the popular belief that Americans intervene militarily in troubled regions to save human life. They frequently target some regions that are perceived to have natural resources such as oil. The US state department is in charge of America’s foreign policy. Its major aim is to further the interests of Americans. USAID is a state agency charged with the responsibility of reporting progress in developing countries. Economic reasons are the main cause of military intervention. Therefore, the US commissions polls mainly to assist its manufacturers to access markets. Furthermore, manufacturers are the first beneficiaries of American action in the third world. They have an opportunity of accessing wider markets without competition. Production costs are lower in developing countries hence manufacturers can maximize profits. There are both negative and positive effects of commissioning polls in developing countries. Generally, the USAID has done much to reduce human sufferings resulting fro m political causes. Works Cited Alesina, Alberto and Weder, Beatrice. â€Å"Do Corrupt Governments Receive Less Foreign Aid?† American Economic Review, 92.4, 2002. Bevan, Collier. â€Å"Anatomy of temporary trade shocks: The Kenya coffee boom of 1976–9†. Journal of African Economies, 1.2, 1993, 271– 305. Bollen, Kenneth and Paxton, Pamela. â€Å"Assessing international evaluations: An example from USAID’s Democracy and Governance Programs†. American Journal of Evaluation, 26.2, 2005, 189–203. Brumberg, Daniel. â€Å"Democratization in the Arab World? The Trap of Liberalized Autocracy†. Journal of Democracy, 13.1, 2002, 56. Cashel, Cardo. â€Å"The public sector impact of internal resource transfers†. Journal of Development Economics, 32.17, 2005, 42. Cassen, Robert. Rich country interests and Third World development. New York: Taylor Francis, 1982. Gaddis, John. We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Greenhouse, Steven. â€Å"Helms Seeks to Merge Foreign Policy Agencies†. The New York Times, March 16, 1995. Heng-fu Zou. â€Å"The composition of Public expenditure and economic growth†. Journal of Monetary Economics, 37.2, 1996, 313-344. Jha, Shikha. â€Å"Fiscal effects of foreign aid in federal system of governance: The case of India†. Journal of Public Economics, 77.1, 2000, 307–330. Sartorius, Rolf and Vernon, Ruttan. â€Å"The Source of the Basic Human Needs Mandate†. The Journal of Developing Areas, 23.1, 1989, 331-362. Sayigh, Yezid. â€Å"Inducing a Failed State in Palestine†. Survival, 49.3, 2007, 7–39. Sean, Yom. â€Å"Jordan: Ten More Years of Autocracy†. Journal of Democracy, 20.1, 2009, 163. Stueck, William. The Korean War in World History. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2004. Turner, Mandy. â€Å"Building Democracy in Palestine: Liberal Peace Theory and the Election of Hamasâ € . Democratization, 13.5, 2006, 739–755. World Bank. Assessing Aid: What Works, What Doesn’t, and Why? New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. . This term paper on The American Empire’s Public Affairs Strategy was written and submitted by user Man-Thing to help you with your own studies. 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